Download the PDF of the Islamic (Muslim, Hijri) Calendar 2023.
The Islamic calendar, also known as the Hijri calendar, is followed by Muslims worldwide. This calendar helps them celebrate their religious festivals and determine the exact date on which each festival falls.
The Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar and consists of 354 or 355 days, which is 11 days shorter than the solar calendar. As a result, every year, the Islamic religious dates fall 11 days behind the previous solar year.
The first year of the Hijri calendar is the year in which Hazrat Muhammad migrated from Mecca to Medina, and it is known as Hijri. Each year is followed by the year number with H, which represents the Hijr or AH. In the past, events related to Islamic history were referred to as 53 BH (Birth of Muhammad Sahib), etc.
The Hijri calendar consists of 12 months, with the month of Ramadan considered the most revered. During this month, Muslims observe a fast and strive to be humble.
The Islamic months are as follows: Muharram, Safar, Rabi al-Awwal (Rabi Unnanur) – Milad un-Nabi – Eid e Milad, Rabi al-Thani, Jamad al-Awwal, Jamad al-Thani, Rajab or Rajab, Sha’aban, Ramadan or Ramadan, Shawwal, Zu al-Qada, and Zu al-Hajjah.
The first day of the Islamic week begins on Sunday, and all days begin at sunset, while in Christianity, all days begin at midnight.
Overall, the Islamic calendar plays a crucial role in determining the dates of significant religious festivals for Muslims worldwide.
In the Islamic calendar, the first day begins on a Sunday and all days begin at sunset, whereas in Christianity all days begin at midnight.