The President of India is the first citizen of the country. That is, the President of India is called the head of the country. According to Article 53 of the Constitution of India, executive power is vested in him. Apart from this, he is also the chief of the Indian Armed Forces. That is, the President has an important role in the Constitution of India. Till now, there have been 15 Presidents in India. If you want to see the list of all presidents with their tenure, then download the PDF by clicking on the link given below the article.
List Of President Of India (1950 to 2022) भारत के राष्ट्रपतियों की सूची और उनका कार्यकाल
|1||Rajendra Prasad||26 January 1950||13 May 1962||Bihar|
|2||Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan||13 May 1962||13 May 1967||Tamil Nadu|
|3||Zakir Husain||13 May 1967||3 May 1969||Telangana|
|Acting||Varahagiri Venkata Giri||3 May 1969||20 July 1969||Odisha|
|Acting||M. Hidayatullah||20 July 1969||24 August 1969||Uttar Pradesh|
|4||Varahagiri Venkata Giri||24 August 1969||24 August 1974||Odisha|
|5||Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed||24 August 1974||11 February 1977||NCT of Delhi|
|Acting||B. D. Jatti||11 February 1977||25 July 1977||Karnataka|
|6||Neelam Sanjiva Reddy||25 July 1977||25 July 1982||Andhra Pradesh|
|7||Giani Zail Singh||25 July 1982||25 July 1987||Punjab|
|8||R. Venkataraman||25 July 1987||25 July 1992||Tamil Nadu|
|9||Shanker Dayal Sharma||25 July 1992||25 July 1997||Madhya Pradesh|
|10||K. R. Narayanan||25 July 1997||25 July 2002||Kerala|
|11||A. P. J. Abdul Kalam||25 July 2002||25 July 2007||Tamil Nadu|
|12||Pratibha Devisingh Patil||25 July 2007||25 July 2012||Maharashtra|
|13||Pranab Mukherjee||25 July 2012||25 July 2017||West Bengal|
|14||Ram Nath Kovind||25 July 2017||25 July 2022||Uttar Pradesh|
|15||Droupadi Murmu||25 July 2022||Current||Odisha|
Qualifications to become President of India
India is the largest democratic country in the world. The office of the President is the highest constitutional here. So if you want to get this highest post in India then you must have the below-given qualifications-
- It is mandatory to be a citizen of India.
- The minimum age to become President is 35 years.
- He/She should fulfill the qualifications to become a member of the Lok Sabha.
- That person should not be working in any other post.
- To become a presidential candidate, he must have at least 50 proposers and 50 supporters.
- The Presidential candidate should not be a member of either House of Parliament or the Legislative Assembly.
- The security deposit for the post of President is ₹15000. If the candidate does not get off the total valid votes, then this amount is forfeited.
Functions and Powers of the President of India
Executive Powers – The President of India has executive powers, under which he appoints the member of the Prime Minister’s Council of Ministers, the Chief Justices of the Supreme and High Courts, the Comptroller and Auditor General of India, the Attorney General of India, the Governors of the States; the Chief Election Commissioner and others. The Election Commissioner, the Chairman, and other members of UPSC.
Legislative Powers – The President is an integral part of the Parliament, any law is made only after the President’s signature.
The President has the power to nominate two Anglo-Indians to the Lok Sabha and 12 members to the Rajya Sabha.
Judicial Powers – Under Article 72 of the Indian Constitution, the President has the right to pardon any criminal. At the same time, he can also reduce the period of punishment. Apart from this, the format of Pay Day can also be changed.
Military Powers – The President of India is the supreme commander of the armed forces. He has the right to declare war and peace.
Discretionary Powers – According to the Indian Constitution, the President has to act on the advice of the Council of Ministers. But when one party does not get a majority in the Lok Sabha or the Prime Minister dies suddenly or a no-confidence motion has been passed against the Council of Ministers, the President can take decisions in all these situations on the basis of his discretion.
Emergency Powers – The President of India has emergency powers. Under Article 352, if there is external aggression or armed rebellion, then he can declare an emergency in the whole or any part of India keeping in mind the security.
Under Article 356, if a state government is not functioning according to the constitutional rules and regulations, the President can immediately impose President’s rule in that state.
If there is a situation of the economic crisis in the country, the President can declare a financial emergency by exercising his special powers.
Veto Powers – The President has Absolute Veto, Suspension Veto, and Pocket Veto powers.
What is the salary of the Indian President?
At present, the President of India gets ₹ 500000 per month. On which he would not have to pay any kind of tax. In addition to the salary, the President of India gets a residence at Rashtrapati Bhavan located in New Delhi. Free treatment and accommodation facilities are available even after the term of the President is over.