Organic Solvents List PDF

Download PDF of All Organic Solvents List in Chemistry

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What are Organic Solvent?

These are chemical compounds that have a carbon-based molecular structure and are used to dissolve a substance to form a solution. Generally, a solvent is a substance that is capable of dissolving another substance. Also, being carbon based, all these solvents have carbon atoms in the compound structure. On the basis of molecular structures, These are mainly divided into two parts.

Natural Solvents- These are that are obtained naturally by living organisms

Synthetic- These are which are obtained by chemical reaction of organic compounds.

Types of Organic Solvents- On the basis of functional group it can be divided into different types.

  1. Aliphatics
  2. Aromatic
  3. Carbonyls

Properties

They are colourless liquids- These are colourless liquids and have very low molecular weight.

These exhibit a low boiling point- Because They have very low boiling points, they are highly volatile due to this tendency.

These are volatile in nature- Since These have a volatile nature, these compounds vaporize easily and give off a characteristic odor.

Applications of Organic Solvent- are used in various fields like-
polishes, coatings, as a paint thinner and remover (toluene), as cleaning agents, as an industrial, as consumer degreasers, detergents
perfumes, spot removers, as a nail polish remover (acetone, methyl acetate, ethyl acetate)

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