Organic Solvents List PDF

Download PDF of All Organic Solvents List in Chemistry

What is Organic Solvent?

These are chemical compounds that have a carbon-based molecular structure and are used to dissolve a substance to form a solution. Generally, a solvent is a substance that is capable of dissolving another substance. Also, being carbon-based, all these solvents have carbon atoms in the compound structure. On the basis of molecular structures, These are mainly divided into two parts.

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Sourceorganicchemistrydata.org

Natural Solvents- These are that are obtained naturally by living organisms

Synthetic- These are which are obtained by chemical reaction of organic compounds.

Types of Organic Solvents- On the basis of functional groups it can be divided into different types.

  1. Aliphatics
  2. Aromatic
  3. Carbonyls
SolventsFormula
Solvent NameChemical Formula
Acetic acidC2H4O2
AcetoneC3H6O
AcetonitrileC2H3N
BenzeneC6H6
BromoformCHBr3
Butyl acetateC6H12O2
ButanolC4H10O
Carbon disulfideCS2
Carbon tetrachlorideCCl4
ChlorobenzeneC6H5Cl
ChloroformCHCl3
CyclohexaneC6H12
DichloromethaneCH2Cl2
Diethyl etherC4H10O
Dimethyl formamide (DMF)C3H7NO
Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO)C2H6OS
DioxaneC4H8O2
EthanolC2H5OH
Ethyl acetateC4H8O2
Ethylene glycolC2H6O2
Formic acidCH2O2
HeptaneC7H16
HexaneC6H14
Isopropyl alcohol (IPA)C3H8O
MethanolCH3OH
Methyl ethyl ketone (MEK)C4H8O
Methylene chlorideCH2Cl2
N,N-DimethylacetamideC4H9NO
NitrobenzeneC6H5NO2
NitromethaneCH3NO2
PhenolC6H6O
PyridineC5H5N
Tetrahydrofuran (THF)C4H8O
TolueneC7H8
Trichloroethylene (TCE)C2HCl3
XyleneC8H10

Properties

They are colourless liquids- These are colourless liquids and have very low molecular weight.

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These exhibit a low boiling point- Because They have very low boiling points, they are highly volatile due to this tendency.

These are volatile in nature- Since These have a volatile nature, these compounds vaporize easily and give off a characteristic odor.

Applications of Organic Solvent- are used in various fields like-
polishes, coatings, as a paint thinner and remover (toluene), as cleaning agents, as an industrial, as consumer degreasers, detergents
perfumes, spot removers, as a nail polish remover (acetone, methyl acetate, ethyl acetate)

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