Singular and Plural Words List PDF

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What are Singular and Plural Words?

If a word denotes one person or thing it is said to be in the singular.
such as- Boy, Girl, Leaf, Actor, Mango, Class etc.
If a word denotes more than one person or thing, it is said to be in the plural.
such as- Boys, Girls, Leaves, Actors, Mangoes, Classes

Rules For Changing For Singular to Plural

  • Generally Plural are formed by adding “-s” to the singular.
SingularPlural
BoyBoys
GirlGirls
TigerTigers
PenPens
BookBooks
DiamondDiamonds
FlowerFlowers
FanFans
  • Words ending in “-s”, “-sh”, “-ch” or “-x” add “-es” to form their plural.
SingularPlural
BoxBoxes
TaxTaxes
BushBushes
KissKisses
BranchBranches
ChurchChurches
MatchMatches
  • Words ending in “-o” add “-es” to form their plural.
SingularPlural
MangoMangoes
PotatoPatotoes
TomatoTomatoes
BuffaloBuffaloes
VolcanoVolcanoes
EchoEchoes
HeroHeroes
  • A few words ending in “-o” add merely “-s” to form their plural.
SingularPlural
PhotoPhotos
LogoLogos
RatioRatios
CantoCantos
CommandoCommandos
CargoCargos
  • Words ending in “-f” or “-fe” change the “-f” or “-fe” into “-ve” and add “-es” to form their plural.
SingularPlural
LifeLifes
KnifeKnives
LoafLoaves
WifeWives
HalfHalves
HoafHalves/ Hoafes
WarfWarves/ Warfs
DwarfDwarves/ Dwrafs
  • A few words ending in “-f” or “-fe” add only “-s” to form their plural.
SingularPlural
ChiefChiefs
HandkerchiefHandkerchiefs
GulfGulfs
CliffCliffs
TruffTruffs
  • A few words form their plural by changing their inside vowel.
SingularPlural
ManMen
WomanWomen
ToothTeeth
FootFeet
GooseGeese
MouseMice
LouseLice
  • A few words add “-en” to form their plural.
SingularPlural
ChildChildren
OxOxen
FoxVixen
  • Some words have their singular and plural alike.
SingularPlural
SwineSwine
DeerDeer
TrouteTroute
SheepSheep
SpacecraftSpacecraft
SeriesSeries
SpeciesSpecies
  • Some words are used only in plural. Such as – Scissors, Tongs, Pincers, Spectacles etc.
  • Certain collective nouns, though singular in form, are always used as plural. such as – bunch of keys, pride of lions, Swarm of bees, Cattle, Poultry, Vermin, People etc.
  • Compound nouns add “-s” to the principal word to form their plural.
SingularPlural
Mother in lawMothers in law
Father in lawFathers in law
Commander in chiefCommanders in chief
Passer byPassers by
Step MotherStep Mothers
  • Abstract have no plural; they are uncountable. such as- Love, hope, Kindness, Passion, Hatred, Compassion etc.

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