Tense Chart With Rules and Examples PDF

If you are learning the English language, you first need to learn tenses. Without learning tense, you cannot make English sentences. Many people find it very difficult to understand all the tenses. but it’s not like that. That’s why today through this article you are being given Tense Chart With Rules and Examples. You can click on the link given below to download the PDF.

Tense tells us at what time an action or event happened. That is, Tenses are used to make sense of past, present & future.

Tense Chart With Rules

There are 3 types of Tense

Present Tense – If an action takes place in the present time, this tense is used.

Past Tense – If an action happened in the past, this tense is used.

Future Tense – Future tense is used for actions that will happen in the future.

English Grammar Tense – Types, Rules, Charts & Examples PDF Download

Present Indefinite Tense

Affirmativesub + V1 + s/es + object.
Negativesub + do/does not + v1 + object
InterrogativeWh + Does + sub + v1 + object
Interrogative + NegativeWh + Does + sub + not + v1 + object
  • Jyoti cooks food every day. 
  • she doesn’t want to come to your home. 
  • Whom do you meet every day?
  • Did it not happen every day?

Present Continuous Tense

Affirmativesub + is/am/are + v1 + ing + object
Negativesub + is/am/are + not + v1 + ing + object
InterrogativeWh + is/am/are + sub + v1 + ing + object ?
Interrogative + NegativeWh + is/am/are + sub + not + v1 + ing + object
  • I am waiting for you. 
  • I am not learning English and yoga these days. 
  • Why is it raining there? 
  • Aren’t they going for a picnic on Saturday? 
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Present Perfect Tense

Affirmativesub + has/have + v3 + object
Negativesub + has/have + not + v3 + object
InterrogativeWh + has/have + sub + v3 + object
Interrogative + NegativeWh + has/have + sub + not + v3 + object
  • I have been to Mumbai. 
  • He hasn’t eaten anything since morning. 
  • Have you had food? 
  • Have I not given you happiness? 

Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Affirmativesub + has/have + been + v1 + ing + object
Negativesub + has/have + not been + v1 + ing + object
InterrogativeWh + has/have + sub + been + v1 + ing + object
Interrogative + NegativeWh + has/have + she + not + been + v1 + ing + object
  • I have been waiting for you for half an hour. 
  • They have not been targeting their adversaries. 
  • Have you been living in Rishikesh since childhood? 
  • has she not been proving everyone wrong? 

Past Indefinite Tense

AffirmativeSubject + V2 + Object
NegativeSubject + didn’t + V1 + Object
InterrogativeWh + Did + Subject + V1 + Object + (?)
Interrogative + NegativeWh + Did + Subject + not + V1 + Object + (?)
  • He got down from the train hurriedly
  • She didn’t utter a single word. 
  • Did she threaten you with dire consequences? 
  • Why did you not call him? 

Past Continuous Tense

AffirmativeSubject + was/were +V1+ ing + Object
NegativeSubject + was/were + not + ing + Object
InterrogativeWh + Was/were + Subject + ing+ Object + (?)
Interrogative + NegativeWh + Was/were + Subject + not + ing+ Object + (?)
  • They were making a ruckus. 
  • She wasn’t asking for help. 
  • were they fighting with you? 
  • Why was he not helping you? 

Past Perfect Tense

AffirmativeSubject + had + V3 + Object
NegativeSubject + had + not + Object
InterrogativeWh + Had + Subject + V3 + Object + (?)
Interrogative + NegativeWh + Had + Subject + not + V3 + Object + (?)
  • I headmate all the delegates by the end of the meeting. 
  • He had not spread rumors. 
  • had it affected a mass Exodus In The Hills? 
  • Had you not tried to read between the lines? 
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Past Perfect Continuous Tense

AffirmativeSubject + had been +V1 + ing + Object
NegativeSubject + had + not been + V1+ ing + Object
InterrogativeWh + Had + Subject+ been+ V1 + ing + Object
Interrogative + NegativeWh + Had + Subject +not + been + V1 + ing + Object
  • They had been singing in the streets for 2 years. 
  • He had not been working properly since the very first day. 
  • Why had you been teasing her for a long time? 
  • Why had they not been shouting since morning? 

Future Indefinite Tense

AffirmativeSubject + Will/Shall + Verb (Ist form) + Object
NegativeSubject + Will/Shall + Not + Verb (Ist form) + Object
InterrogativeWh + Will/Shall + Subject + Verb (Ist form) + Object
Interrogative + NegativeWh + Will/Shall + Subject + Not + Verb (Ist form) + Object
  • It will rain today. 
  • It will not happen again. 
  • Will you help me? 
  • Will you not be there for me? 

Future Continuous Tense

AffirmativeSubject + Will/Shall + Be + Verb (Ist form) + Ing + Object
NegativeSubject + Will/Shall + Not + Be + Verb (Ist form) + Ing + Object
InterrogativeWh + Will/Shall + Subject + Be + Verb (Ist form) + Ing + Object + (?)
Interrogative + NegativeWh + Will/Shall + Subject + Not + Be + Verb (Ist form) + Ing + Object + (?)
  • I will be swimming this time tomorrow. 
  • I will not be doing this kind of thing. 
  • Will you be performing on stage in the evening tomorrow? 
  • Will you not be doing the same thing again? 

Future Perfect Tense

AffirmativeSubject + Will/Shall + Have + Verb (3rd form) + Object
NegativeSubject + Will/Shall + Not + Have + Verb (3rd form) + Object
InterrogativeWh + Will/Shall + Subject + Have + Verb (3rd form) + Object + (?)
Interrogative + NegativeWh + Will/Shall + Subject + Not + Have + Verb (3rd form) + Object + (?)
  • I will have reached Dehradun by afternoon. 
  • I will not have done this work tomorrow. 
  • Will it have figured out the combination of the lock by afternoon? 
  • Will you not have shown them all the slides by evening? 

Future Perfect Continuous Tense

AffirmativeSubject + Will/Shall + Have been + Verb (Ist form) + Ing + Object
NegativeSubject + Will/Shall + Not + Have been + Verb (Ist form) + Ing + Object
InterrogativeWh + Will/Shall + Subject + Have been + Verb (Ist form) + Ing + Object +(?)
Interrogative + NegativeWh + Will/Shall + Subject + Not + Have been + Verb (Ist form) + Ing + Object +(?)
  • He will have been traveling all day.
  • I will not have to do the same thing again and again. 
  • Will you have been working when I arrive?
  • will He not have been studying long enough to qualify? 

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