Indian Society is a very important subject in the syllabus of UPSC. Because the topics of this subject are also seen in UPSC IAS Prelims and Optional Subjects. Through this article, I am sharing with you Vision IAS Indian Society Notes PDF, which will help you a lot in your UPSC preparation.
Indian society is the greatest example of multi-ethnic, multicultural, and multi-ideological constructs that co-exist, at once striving to strike harmony and also to retain its individuality.
Based on the generous concept of Vasudhaiva Kutumbkam (the world is one family), Indian society possess a great cultural heritage. During the course of its evolution, it has accommodated and integrated many communities and their ways of life from time to time.
Characteristics of Indian Society
- Multi-ethnic society- Indian society is multi-ethnic in nature due to co-existence of wide variety of racial groups in India. India is home to almost all the racial profiles prevalent in the world,
- Patriarchal society- Indian society is largely a patriarchal society where men tend to enjoy greater status than women . However, some tribal societies are matrilineal societies where women have the dominant decision making power.
- Multilingual society- Across the length and breadth of the country, more than 1600 languages are spoken. Among them the major languages are Hindi, Telugu, Tamil, Kannada, Malayalam, Bengali etc.
- Unity in diversity- This is an inherent feature of Indian society. Diversity in India exists at various levels in different forms. However, beneath this diversity, there is fundamental unity in social institutions and practices.
- Multi-class society- Indian society is segmented into multiple classes. This division can be on the basis of birth as well as financial and social achievements during one’s lifetime.
- Blood and kinship ties- Blood relations and kinship ties enjoy a stronghold over other social relationships. They continue to govern the political and economic spheres of life.
- Balance between spiritualism and materialism- Spiritualism’s main focus is to promote an individual’s experience with God. Whereas materialism is a tendency to consider material possessions and physical comfort as more important than spiritual values. Indian society is largely possess spiritual orientations. However due to increased Westernisation, materialistic tendencies have also become quite visible.
- Balance between Individualism and collectivism- Individualism is a moral, political or social outlook that stresses human independence, self-reliance and liberty. Whereas collectivism is the practice of giving a group priority over each individual in it. There exists a fine balance between them in Indian society.
- Co-existence of traditionalism and modernity- Traditionalism is upholding or maintenance of core values. Whereas modernity refers to questioning the tradition and moving towards rational thinking, social, scientific and technological progress. Due to the spread of education and technological advances, modern thinking among Indians has increased. However, the family life is still bound by traditional value and belief systems.
Indian Society in Prelims & Mains
Aspirants preparing for UPSC know that, the detailed syllabus is not mentioned anywhere for prelims by UPSC but there are some topics from which questions can be asked, one of them is Indian Society subject.
Talking about the Mains paper, Society is a part of GS Paper 1 but it has also been included in General Studies Paper 2 in some aspects.
Due to which the candidate does not know where to study, through the notes given below, you can get a good guidance that which topics are important for you on which you need to focus.
Vision ias notes of indian society are very helpful for prelims as well as mains exam try to make short note of these printed material so you can revision at the time of exam.
Indian Society Content
- Salient Features of Indian Society
- Role of Women and Women’s Organisation
- Population and Association Issues
- Impact of Globalisation on Indian Society
- Welfare Schemes for Vulnerable Sections of Population
Others Notes & Material By Vision Institute: