Vision IAS Polity Notes 2024 For UPSC IAS Exam

Today I am going to share with you Vision IAS Polity Notes PDF for UPSC Mains and Prelims Exam, which will play a major role in the upcoming UPSC Exam. As per UPSC syllabus, polity has been kept in the category of compulsory subject in civil services.

These notes have been prepared by Vision IAS Institute. Which are very important for different level exams. But these have been specially made for the aspirants who are preparing for UPSC CSE.

This study material has been divided into 4 parts, in which an attempt has been made to cover different topics, so that the candidate can understand it easily.

The subject of Polity and Constitution has always occupied a dominant space in both the Preliminary as well as Mains Civil Services Examination of the UPSC. Apart from understanding the Indian Constitution, being well aware about the basics of our political functioning is a sine qua non for the candidates who aspire to compete in the Civil Services Examination.

What is the Polity

The system of government is called politics, is in between democracy and oligarchy, this subject is related to the functions of government. It gives an understanding of the legislative, executive, judicial system and various constitutional authorities in the country.

Indian Polity is a discipline in which wide range is present about Constitution, Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles of Policy, President, Prime Minister, Judiciary, Governor, Central Government, State Government, Council of Ministers as well as given about the electoral system.


Definition: A Constitution is a document of people’s faith and aspirations possessing a special legal sanctity. A Constitution is the fundamental law of a country. It is the rulebook of a nation, which regulates the society and its laws. There are various forms of government prevalent across the world. It is the philosophy embodied in a nation’s constitution which determines the kind of government present there.

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these polity notes by vision ias Will cover every single issue related to Political Science which are important from the point of you exam. The use of basic principles and basic concepts of politics to understand current events is one of the focus areas if the current trend is kept in mind.

Q. Who/Which of the following is the custodian of the Constitution of India?

(a) The President of India (b) The Prime Minister of India (c) The Lok Sabha Secretariat (d) The Supreme Court of India

Q. The mind of the markers of the Constitution of India is reflected in which of the following

(a) The Preamble (b) The Fundamental Rights (c) The Directive Principles of State Policy (d) The Fundamental Duties

Q. Which one of the following objectives is not embodied in the Preamble to the Constitution of India?

(a) Liberty of thought (b) Economic liberty (c) Liberty of expression (d) Liberty of belief

Q. The ideal of “Welfare State” in the Indian Constitution is enshrined in its

(a) Preamble (b) Directive Principles of State Policy (c) Fundamental Rights (d) Seventh Schedule

Q. If a new state of the Indian Union is to be created, which one of the following schedules of the Constitution must be amended?

(a) First (b) Second (c) Third (d) Fifth



  • Comparison of Indian Constitutional Scheme 1 with other countries
  • Indian Constitution – Historical Underpinning, Evolution,
    Feature, Amendments, Significant Provisions and Basic
  • The Preamble
  • Union and its Territory
  • Citizenship in India
  • Fundamental Rights
  • Fundamental Duties
  • Directive Principles of State Policy
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  • Union Executive State Executive
  • Ministries and Departments of the Government
  • Union Legislature
  • State Legislature
  • Supreme Court
  • Judiciary High Court Subordinate Courts Issues Judicial
    Reforms and Judicial Activism


  • Federal Structure Devolution of Power
  • Separation of Powers between Various Organs
  • Dispute Redressal Mechanisms and Institutions
  • Pressure Groups
  • Local Governance (PRIs AND ULBs)


  • Emergency Provisions
  • Elections in India
  • Salient Feature of Representation of The People Act
  • Constitutional Bodies
  • Regulatory Authorities in India
  • Quasi Judicial Bodies

Download PDF Now – PART-1

Download PDF Now – PART-2

Download PDF Now – PART-3

Download PDF Now – PART-4

Download PDF Now – PART-5

Download PDF Now – PART-6

Other Notes & Material By Vision Institute:

Vision IAS EconomyVision IAS Environment
Vision IAS Indian SocietyVision IAS Indian Geography
Vision IAS GovernanceVision IAS International Relations Notes
Vision IAS World HistoryVision IAS Ethics Notes
Vision IAS Social Justice NotesVision IAS Modern History
Vision IAS Disaster Management NotesVision IAS Internal Security
Vision IAS Case StudiesVision IAS Art and Culture
Vision IAS Modern History NotesVision IAS Sci-Tech Notes
Vision IAS Eco,EVS & Disaster ManagementVision IAS World Geography Notes

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