Direct And Indirect Speech Rules Chart PDF

Direct Speech and Indirect Speech Rules Chart with Examples PDF Download

If you are preparing for any competitive exam, then you must have Direct and Indirect Speech Rules Chart, because with its help you will be able to crack any exam. Click on the link given below to download the complete PDF.

LanguageEnglish
Pages5
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SourcePDFNOTES.CO

Anything can be said in two ways. Direct Speech and Indirect. When something is said as it is, it is called direct speech. But when a thing is said in a direct way, that is, to say the thing in its own way, it is called indirect speech. Some examples are given below.

  • Direct Speech – Heena said, “I walk.”
  • Indirect Speech – Heena said that she walked.
  • Direct Speech – He said, “I can cook food.”
  • Indirect Speech – He said that he could cook food

What is Direct & Indirect Speech?

To change a sentence of direct speech into indirect speech there are various factors that are considered such as reporting verbs, modals, time, place, pronoun, tense, etc. we will take up all the factors one by one.

Direct speech – reporting the message of the speaker in exact words as spoken by him.

Direct speech example: Rama said ‘I am busy now’.

Indirect speech: reporting the message of the speaker in our own words

Indirect speech example: Rama said that he was very busy then

Changes in Modals

Direct SpeechIndirect Speech
CanCould
MayMight
MustHad to/ Would have to
ShouldShould
MightMight
CouldCould
WouldWould
Ought toOught to

Changes As Per Tense

Direct SpeechIndirect Speech
Present simplePast simple
Present continuousPast Continuous
Present perfectPast perfect
Past simplePast perfect
Past ContinuousPast perfect continuous
Future simplePresent Conditional
Future ContinuousConditional Continuous

Changes in Place and Time

Direct SpeechIndirect Speech
NowThen
HereThere
TodayThat day
TomorrowThe next day
Last weekThe previous week
ThisThat
TonightThat night
AgoBefore
ThusSo
HitherThither
ComeGo
HenceThence
NextFollowing

Changes of Pronouns

Direct SpeechIndirect Speech
IHe/she
YouHe/she/they
WeThey
TheyThey
HeHe
SheShe
ItIt
UsThem
OurTheir
HisHis
HerHer
ItsIts

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