Vajiram and Ravi Ancient India History Notes PDF

Download Free Upsc Civil services General Studies Vajiram and Ravi Ancient India History Notes PDF For Prelims & Upsc Mains GS Paper-1 (Updated Book).

Ancient India is the Indian subcontinent from prehistoric times to the start of Medieval India, which is typically dated to the end of the Gupta Empire. History subject is present in both UPSC IAS Prelims and Mains. History is closely related to heritage and culture, an important part of it. History of ancient India is a very important subject to study in UPSC.


  • Periodisation of Ancient Indian History and Introduction
  • The Stone Age
  • Indus Civilisation
  • Pre-Mauryan Age
  • Mauryan Empire
  • Post Mauryan period
  • Gupta period
  • Post Gupta period
  • Early medieval India


  1. The Vikrama Era (56 BC) traditionally founded by a king called Vikramaditya, who drove the Sakas out of Ujjain and founded the era to celebrate the victory.
  2. The Saka Era (78 AD) was, according to tradition, founded by a Saka King who occupied Ujjain 137 years after Vikramaditya. Kanishka may have in fact founded this era.
  3. The Gupta Era (320 AD) was probably founded by Chandra Gupta I.
  4. The Harsha Era (606 AD) was founded by Harshavardhana of Kannauj and was popular in Northern India for a century or two after his death.
  5. The Kalachuri Era (248 AD) was perhaps founded by a small dynasty called the Traikutakas (Trikuta).
  6. The Lakshmana Era of Bengal (1119 AD): It is said to have been founded by King Lakshmana Sena.
  7. The Kaliyuga (3102 BC) Era was usually used for religious dates and rarely for political events.
  8. Buddha Era of (544 BC) was in use in Ceylon from an uncertain date. Often used for religious purposes.
  9. The Era of Mahavira (528 BC): The Jainas use it for religious purposes.
  10. The Saptarshi or Laukika Era: Used in Kashmir in the Middle ages, and recorded in cycles of one hundred years, each cycle commencing 76 years after each Christian century.
  11. Nevar Era of Nepal (878 AD) was used in Nepal.
  12. Kollam Era of Kerala (825 AD) was used in Kerala.
  13. The Era of Vikramaditya VI Chalukya (1075 AD) was used in the early medieval period.

NCERT books are considered to be the most important source for history. Many UPSC aspirants are advised to read NCERT books, along with taking notes is an effective way to organize the study material.

Ancient History Notes by vajiram and ravi Covers most of the major history topics from the ancient Indian historical era to the beginning of the Middle Ages. UPSC aspirants must use these notes as well as NCERT books to cover the syllabus.

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